PH 104 DESCRIPTIVE ASTRONOMY (4)
Historical and cultural context of discoveries concerning planets and stars and their motions. Topics include the solar system, the constellations, birth and death of stars, pulsars and black holes. An accompanying laboratory is used for demonstrations, experiments, and projects, as well as for outdoor observations. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)

PH 104H DESCRIPTIVE ASTRONOMY (4)
Historical and cultural context of discoveries concerning planets and stars and their motions. Topics include the solar system, the constellations, birth and death of stars, pulsars and black holes. An accompanying laboratory is used for demonstrations, experiments, and projects, as well as for outdoor observations. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required.

PH 106 PERSPECTIVES IN PHYSICS (4)
A descriptive and nonmathematical study of the development of physical concepts and their historical and philosophical context. The emphasis is on the origin, meaning, significance, and limitations of these concepts and their role in the evolution of current understanding of the universe. Concepts to be covered include Copernican astronomy, Newtonian mechanics, energy, electricity and magnetism, relativity, and quantum theory. Intended primarily for nonscience students. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)

PH 111 INQUIRING INTO PHYSICAL PHENOMENA (4)
Development of conceptual understandings through investigation of everyday phenomena. Emphasis is on questioning, predicting, exploring, observing, discussing, and writing in physical science contexts. Students document their initial thinking, record their evolving understandings, and write reflections upon how their thinking changed and what fostered their learning. Lec/lab. (Baccalaureate Core Course)

PH 199 SPECIAL STUDIES (116)
Onecredit sections are graded pass/no pass.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 99 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 201 GENERAL PHYSICS (5)
Introductory survey course covering a broad spectrum of classical and modern physics with applications. Topics include dynamics, vibrations and waves, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Laboratory and recitation sections accompany the lectures. Mathematical preparation should include college algebra and trigonometry. Lec/lab/rec. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
MTH 111 and MTH 112. PH 201, PH 202, PH 203 must be taken in order.

PH 202 GENERAL PHYSICS (5)
Introductory survey course covering broad spectrum of classical and modern physics with applications. Topics include dynamics, vibrations and waves, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Laboratory and recitation sections accompany the lectures. Mathematical preparation should include college algebra and trigonometry. Lec/lab/rec. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
MTH 111 and MTH 112 and PH 201

PH 203 GENERAL PHYSICS (5)
Introductory survey course covering broad spectrum of classical and modern physics with applications. Topics include dynamics, vibrations and waves, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Laboratory and recitation sections accompany the lectures. Mathematical preparation should include college algebra and trigonometry. Lec/lab/rec. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
MTH 111 and MTH 112 and PH 202

PH 205 SOLAR SYSTEM ASTRONOMY (4)
History, laws, and tools of astronomy. Composition, motion, and origin of the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, and comets. An accompanying laboratory is used for demonstrations, experiments, and projects, as well as for outdoor observations. The courses in the astronomy sequence (PH 205, PH 206, PH 207) can be taken in any order. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)

PH 206 STARS AND STELLAR EVOLUTION (4)
Properties of stars; star formation, evolution, and death; supernovae, pulsars, and black holes. An accompanying laboratory is used for demonstrations, experiments, and projects, as well as for outdoor observations. The courses in the astronomy sequence (PH 205, PH 206, PH 207) can be taken in any order. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)

PH 207 GALAXIES, QUASARS, AND COSMOLOGY (4)
Nature and content of galaxies, properties of quasars, and the cosmic background radiation. Emphasis on the BigBang model and its features. An accompanying laboratory is used for demonstrations, experiments, and projects, as well as for outdoor observations. The courses in the astronomy sequence (PH 205, PH 206, PH 207) can be taken in any order. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)

PH 211 GENERAL PHYSICS WITH CALCULUS (4)
A comprehensive introductory survey course intended primarily for students in the sciences and engineering. Topics include mechanics, wave motion, thermal physics, electromagnetism, and optics. Elementary calculus is used. Laboratory work accompanies the lectures. Lec/lab/rec. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
MTH 251. COREQ: MTH 252. Concurrent enrollment in a PH 221 recitation section is strongly recommended.

PH 212 GENERAL PHYSICS WITH CALCULUS (4)
A comprehensive introductory survey course intended primarily for students in the sciences and engineering. Topics include mechanics, wave motion, thermal physics, electromagnetism, and optics. Elementary calculus is used. Laboratory work accompanies the lectures. Lec/lab. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
PH 211 [D]
and
MTH 252. COREQ: MTH 254. Concurrent enrollment in PH 222, Recitation for Physics 212, is strongly recommended.

PH 213 GENERAL PHYSICS WITH CALCULUS (4)
A comprehensive introductory survey course intended primarily for students in the sciences and engineering. Topics include mechanics, wave motion, thermal physics, electromagnetism, and optics. Elementary calculus is used. Laboratory work accompanies the lectures. Lec/lab/rec. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
MTH 254 and PH 212. Concurrent enrollment in a recitation section is strongly recommended.

PH 221 RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 211 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Lec/rec. Graded P/N.
COREQS:
PH 211

PH 221H RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 211 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Lec/rec. Graded P/N.
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required. Students must take COREQS: PH 211 or PH 211H.

PH 222 RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 212 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Graded P/N.
COREQS:
PH 212

PH 222H RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 212 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Lec/rec. Graded P/N.
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required. Students must take COREQS: PH 212 or PH 212H.

PH 223 RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 213 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Lec/rec. Graded P/N.
COREQS:
PH 213

PH 223H RECITATION FOR PHYSICS 213 (1)
Onehour weekly session for the development of problemsolving skills in calculusbased general physics. Lec/rec. Graded P/N.
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required. Students must take COREQS: PH 213 or PH 213H.

PH 265 SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING (3)
Basic computational tools and techniques for courses in science and engineering. Project approach to problem solving using symbolic and compiled languages with visualization. Basic computer literacy assumed.
PREREQS:
Concurrent enrollment in MTH 251.

PH 299 SPECIAL TOPICS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 313 ENERGY ALTERNATIVES (3)
Exploration of the challenges and opportunities posed by dwindling resources; physical and technological basis of our current energy alternatives; new or controversial technologies such as nuclear or solar power; overview of resource availability, patterns of energy consumption, and current governmental policies. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
Upperdivision standing and 12 credits of introductory science.

PH 314 INTRODUCTORY MODERN PHYSICS (4)
An elementary introduction to relativity and quantum theory, emphasizing the experiments that revealed the limitations of classical physics. Applications include the properties of atoms, nuclei, and solids. Laboratory work accompanies lectures. Lec/lab.
PREREQS:
PH 213. COREQ: MTH 256.

PH 315 PHYSICS OF CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES (3)
An introduction to thermal and quantum physics in the context of contemporary challenges faced by our society, such as power generation, energy efficiency, and global warming.
PREREQS:
PH 211

PH 331 SOUND, HEARING, AND MUSIC (3)
Basic course in the physics, technology, and societal implications of sound. Intended for students in nontechnical majors. Topics include wave motion, hearing and the perception of sound, noise pollution, music and musical instruments, architectural acoustics, and sound recording and reproduction. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
Upperdivision standing and one year of university science, or instructor approval required.

PH 332 LIGHT, VISION, AND COLOR (3)
Basic physics of light, optical instruments (lenses, telescopes, microscopes), the eye and visual perception, colors, photography, environmental lighting, lasers and holography. For nontechnical majors. (Bacc Core Course)
PREREQS:
Upperdivision standing and one year of university science or instructor approval required.

PH 335 TECHNIQUES OF THEORETICAL MECHANICS (3)
Newtonian, Lagrangian, and Hamiltonian classical mechanics. Special relativity with relativistic mechanics.
PREREQS:
Recommended prerequisites are PH 212 and MTH 254.

PH 365 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS LAB (1)
A projectdriven laboratory experience in computational physics. Includes the use of basic mathematical and numerical techniques in computer calculations leading to solutions for typical physical problems. Topics to be covered will coordinate with the Paradigms in Physics course sequence.
PREREQS:
PH 213 [C]
and
this course is expected to be taken alongside the Paradigms.

PH 366 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS LAB (1)
A projectdriven laboratory experience in computational physics. Includes the use of basic mathematical and numerical techniques in computer calculations leading to solutions for typical physical problems. Topics to be covered will coordinate with the Paradigms in Physics course sequence.
PREREQS:
PH 213 [C]
and
this course is expected to be taken alongside the Paradigms.

PH 367 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS LAB (1)
A projectdriven laboratory experience in computational physics. Includes the use of basic mathematical and numerical techniques in computer calculations leading to solutions for typical physical problems. Topics to be covered will coordinate with the Paradigms in Physics course sequence.
PREREQS:
PH 213 [C]
and
this course is expected to be taken alongside the Paradigms.

PH 399 SPECIAL TOPICS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 399H SPECIAL TOPICS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required.

PH 401 RESEARCH (116)
A research project under the supervision of a faculty member, whose approval must be arranged by the student in advance of registration.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 403 THESIS (116)
A research project leading to a thesis under the supervision of a faculty member, whose approval must be arranged by the student in advance of registration. (Writing Intensive Course)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 405 READING AND CONFERENCE (116)
An independent study project under the supervision of a faculty member, whose approval must be arranged by the student in advance of registration.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 407 SEMINAR (116)
Departmental seminars or colloquium. Graded P/N.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 407H SEMINAR (116)
Departmental seminars or colloquium.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Honors College approval required.

PH 410 INTERNSHIP (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 411 ELECTRONICS (3)
Covers how to build and analyze basic circuits. Topics include passive dc and ac circuits including filters, complex impedance, Fourier analysis, operational amplifiers, semiconductor diodes, and transistors.
PREREQS:
PH 213

PH 415 COMPUTER INTERFACING AND INSTRUMENTATION (3)
Applications of computers as scientific instruments, with emphasis on hardware and instrumentation, online data acquisition, and computer control of experiments.
PREREQS:
Upperdivision or graduate standing; PH 412/PH 512 or equivalent background in electronics; and instructor approval required. Departmental approval required.

PH 422 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: STATIC FIELDS (3)
Theory of static electric, magnetic, and gravitational potentials and fields using the techniques of vector calculus in three dimensions.
PREREQS:
PH 213 and MTH 255

PH 423 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: ENERGY AND ENTROPY (3)
Thermodynamics and canonical statistical mechanics.
PREREQS:
PH 213

PH 424 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES (3)
Dynamics of mechanical and electrical oscillation using Fourier series and integrals; time and frequency representations for driven damped oscillators, resonance; onedimensional waves in classical mechanics and electromagnetism; normal modes.
PREREQS:
PH 213 and PH 411 and MTH 256

PH 425 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: QUANTUM FUNDAMENTALS (3)
Introduction to quantum mechanics through SternGerlach spin measurements. Probability, eigenvalues, operators, measurement, state reduction, Dirac notation, matrix mechanics, time evolution. Quantum behavior of a onedimensional well.
PREREQS:
PH 213. COREQ: MTH 341

PH 426 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: CENTRAL FORCES (3)
Gravitational and electrostatic forces; angular momentum and spherical harmonics, separation of variables in classical and quantum mechanics, hydrogen atom.
PREREQS:
PH 213 and PH 422 and PH 425. COREQ: PH 335

PH 427 PARADIGMS IN PHYSICS: PERIODIC SYSTEMS (3)
Quantum waves in position and momentum space; Bloch waves in onedimensional periodic systems, and the reciprocal lattice; coupled harmonic oscillators; phonons.
PREREQS:
PH 424 and PH 425. COREQ: PH 315

PH 431 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: ELECTROMAGNETISM (3)
Static electric and magnetic fields in matter, electrodynamics, Maxwell equations, electromagnetic waves, wave guides, dipole radiation.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or 524) and (PH 426 or PH 526)

PH 435 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: CLASSICAL MECHANICS (3)
Newtonian, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of classical mechanics: singleparticle motion, collisions, variational methods, and normal coordinate description of coupled oscillators.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or PH 524) and (PH 426 or PH 526)

PH 441 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS (3)
Entropy and quantum mechanics; canonical Gibbs probability; ideal gas; thermal radiation; Einstein and Debye lattices; grand canonical Gibbs probability; ideal Fermi and Bose gases; chemical reactions and phase transformations.
PREREQS:
(PH 423 or PH 523) and (PH 451 or PH 551)

PH 451 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: QUANTUM MECHANICS (3)
Wave mechanics, Schroedinger equation, operators, harmonic oscillator, identical particles, atomic fine structure, approximation methods and applications.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or PH 524) and (PH 425 or PH 525) and (PH 426 or PH 526)

PH 455 ASTROPHYSICS (3)
Physics of stars and the cosmos.
PREREQS:
PH 213; PH 315 or equivalent juniorlevel background in modern physics and thermodynamics.

PH 461 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: MATHEMATICAL METHODS (3)
Complex algebra, special functions, partial differential equations, series solutions, complex integration, calculus of residues.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or PH 524) and (PH 426 or PH 526) and MTH 256

PH 464 SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING II (3)
Mathematical, numerical, and conceptual elements forming foundations of scientific computing: computer hardware, algorithms, precision, efficiency, verification, numerical analysis, algorithm scaling, profiling, and tuning. Lec/lab.

PH 465 COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS (3)
The use of basic mathematical and numerical techniques in computer calculations leading to solutions for typical physical problems. Topics to be covered include models and applications ranging from classical mechanics and electromagnetism to modern solid state and particle physics.
PREREQS:
PH 464 or PH 564

PH 481 PHYSICAL OPTICS (4)
Wave propagation, polarization, interference, diffraction, and selected topics in modern optics.
PREREQS:
(PH 431 or PH 531) or equivalent.

PH 482 OPTICAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (4)
Photodetectors, laser theory, and laser systems. Lec/lab. CROSSLISTED as ECE 482/ECE 582.
PREREQS:
ECE 391 or (PH 481 or PH 581) or equivalent.

PH 483 GUIDED WAVE OPTICS (4)
Optical fibers, fiber mode structure and polarization effects, fiber interferometry, fiber sensors, optical communication systems. Lec/lab. CROSSLISTED as ECE 483/ECE 583.
PREREQS:
(ECE 391* or PH 481*)

PH 495 INTRODUCTION TO PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS (3)
Elementary particles and forces, nuclear structure and reactions.
PREREQS:
PH 451 or PH 551

PH 499 SPECIAL TOPICS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 501 RESEARCH (116)
Graded P/N.
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 503 THESIS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 999 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 505 READING AND CONFERENCE (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 507 SEMINAR (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 510 INTERNSHIP (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 511 ELECTRONICS (3)
Covers how to build and analyze basic circuits. Topics include passive dc and ac circuits including filters, complex impedance, Fourier analysis, operational amplifiers, semiconductor diodes, and transistors.
PREREQS:
PH 213

PH 512 ANALOG AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS (3)
Circuit theory. Passive dc and ac circuits including filters, resonance, complex impedance and Fourier analysis. Operational amplifiers, gates and combinational logic. Semiconductor principles, diodes, transistors, BJTs and FETs. Multiplexing, flipflops and sequential logic, 555 timer, registers and memory, DAC, ADC.
PREREQS:
PH 314* and PH 511

PH 515 COMPUTER INTERFACING AND INSTRUMENTATION (3)
Applications of computers as scientific instruments, with emphasis on hardware and instrumentation, online data acquisition, and computer control of experiments.
PREREQS:
Upperdivision or graduate standing; (PH 412 or PH 512) or equivalent background in electronics; and instructor approval required. Departmental approval required.

PH 531 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: ELECTROMAGNETISM (3)
Static electric and magnetic fields in matter, electrodynamics, Maxwell equations, electromagnetic waves, wave guides, dipole radiation.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or PH 524) and (PH 426 or PH 526)

PH 541 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: THERMAL AND STATISTICAL PHYSICS (3)
Entropy and quantum mechanics; canonical Gibbs probability; ideal gas; thermal radiation; Einstein and Debye lattices; grand canonical Gibbs probability; ideal Fermi and Bose gases; chemical reactions and phase transformations.
PREREQS:
(PH 423 or PH 523) and (PH 451 or PH 551)

PH 551 CAPSTONES IN PHYSICS: QUANTUM MECHANICS (3)
Wave mechanics, Schroedinger equation, operators, harmonic oscillator, identical particles, atomic fine structure, approximation methods and applications.
PREREQS:
(PH 424 or PH 524) and (PH 425 or PH 525) and (PH 426 or PH 526)

PH 555 ASTROPHYSICS (3)
Physics of stars and the cosmos.
PREREQS:
PH 213; PH 315 or equivalent juniorlevel background in modern physics and thermodynamics.

PH 561 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (3)
Fundamental mathematical techniques needed for graduate students in physics. Topics include vector spaces and operators; fourier series, integrals, and transforms; partial differential equations; special functions, distributions, and delta functions; Green's functions; complex analysis.

PH 562 MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS (3)
Fundamental mathematical techniques needed for graduate students in physics. Topics include vector spaces and operators; fourier series, integrals, and transforms; partial differential equations; special functions, distributions, and delta functions; Green's functions; complex analysis.

PH 564 SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING II (3)
Mathematical, numerical, and conceptual elements forming foundations of scientific computing: computer hardware, algorithms, precision, efficiency, verification, numerical analysis, algorithm scaling, profiling, and tuning. Lec/lab.

PH 575 INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS (3)
Introduction to condensed matter physics for majors in physics, chemistry, and engineering. Topics include band structure, free electron behavior, optical properties, magnetism, and lattice excitations.
PREREQS:
(PH 451 or PH 551) or equivalent. COREQ: PH 427 or PH 527

PH 581 PHYSICAL OPTICS (4)
Wave propagation, polarization, interference, diffraction, and selected topics in modern optics.
PREREQS:
(PH 431 or PH 531) or equivalent

PH 582 OPTICAL ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (4)
Photodetectors, laser theory, and laser systems. Lec/lab. CROSSLISTED as ECE 482/ECE 582.
PREREQS:
(PH 481 or PH 581) or equivalent

PH 583 GUIDED WAVE OPTICS (4)
Optical fibers, fiber mode structure and polarization effects, fiber interferometry, fiber sensors, optical communication systems. Lec/lab. CROSSLISTED as ECE 483/ECE 583.
PREREQS:
(ECE 391* or PH 481* or PH 581*)

PH 585 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR, AND OPTICAL PHYSICS (3)
Atomic and molecular structure, interaction with electromagnetic fields, atomic and molecular spectra, spectroscopic techniques, laser theory, nonlinear optics.
PREREQS:
(PH 431 or PH 531) or (PH 451 or PH 551)

PH 591 BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS (3)
Basic physics principles applied to the kinetics and dynamics of molecular and cellular processes. Ion channels, twostate systems, dynamics of molecular motors, cell signalling, and multicellular phenomena.
PREREQS:
PH 320 and PH 421 and PH 422 and PH 423 or equivalent juniorlevel background in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and thermodynamics.

PH 595 INTRODUCTION TO PARTICLE AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS (3)
Elementary particles and forces, nuclear structure and reactions.
PREREQS:
PH 451 or PH 551

PH 599 SPECIAL TOPICS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 601 RESEARCH (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 603 THESIS (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 999 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 605 READING AND CONFERENCE (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.
PREREQS:
Departmental approval required.

PH 607 SEMINAR (116)
This course is repeatable for a maximum of 16 credits.

PH 621 DYNAMICS OF SINGLE AND MULTIPARTICLE SYSTEMS (3)
Introduction to theory of nonlinear systems. Chaos in Hamiltonian and dissipative systems. Lyapunov exponents, fractal geometries.
PREREQS:
PH 435 or PH 535 or equivalent.

PH 631 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY (3)
Electrostatics; multipole expansion; magnetostatics; radiation fields; dynamics of relativistic particles and electromagnetic fields.
PREREQS:
PH 431 or PH 531 or equivalent. PH 631, PH 632, PH 633 must be taken in order.

PH 632 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY (3)
Electrostatics; multipole expansion; magnetostatics; radiation fields; dynamics of relativistic particles and electromagnetic fields.
PREREQS:
PH 631 and (PH 431 or PH 531 or equivalent)

PH 633 ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY (3)
Electrostatics; multipole expansion; magnetostatics; radiation fields; dynamics of relativistic particles and electromagnetic fields.
PREREQS:
PH 632 and (PH 431 or PH 531 or equivalent)

PH 641 STATISTICAL THERMOPHYSICS (3)
Macroscopic thermodynamics and kinetic theory. Classical and quantal statistical ensembles; partition functions. Applications to atoms and molecules, clustering, solids, radiation.
PREREQS:
PH 435 or PH 535. PH 641, PH 642 must be taken in order.

PH 642 STATISTICAL THERMOPHYSICS (3)
Macroscopic thermodynamics and kinetic theory. Classical and quantal statistical ensembles; partition functions. Applications to atoms and molecules, clustering, solids, radiation.
PREREQS:
PH 641

PH 651 QUANTUM MECHANICS (3)
Basic principles of nonrelativistic quantum theory and applications. Schroedinger theory, quantum theory of angular momentum, matrix mechanics, perturbation theory, identical particles, scattering.
PREREQS:
(PH 435 or PH 535) and (PH 451 or PH 551) or equivalents. PH 651, PH 652, PH 653 must be taken in order.

PH 652 QUANTUM MECHANICS (3)
Basic principles of nonrelativistic quantum theory and applications. Schroedinger theory, quantum theory of angular momentum, matrix mechanics, perturbation theory, identical particles, scattering.
PREREQS:
(PH 435 or PH 535) and (PH 451 or PH 551) or equivalents and PH 651

PH 653 QUANTUM MECHANICS (3)
Basic principles of nonrelativistic quantum theory and applications. Schroedinger theory, quantum theory of angular momentum, matrix mechanics, perturbation theory, identical particles, scattering.
PREREQS:
(PH 435 or PH 535) and (PH 451 or PH 551) or equivalents and PH 652

PH 654 ADVANCED QUANTUM THEORY (3)
Scattering theory, second quantization and many body theory, relativistic quantum mechanics, quantization of fields, quantum electrodynamics, and elementary particles.
PREREQS:
PH 653. PH 654, PH 655, PH 656 must be taken in order.

PH 671 SOLID STATE PHYSICS, ELECTRON TRANSPORT (2)
Fundamentals of solid state physics, Boltzmann transport, phonon and defect scattering, quantum transport, transport in magnetic field, localization, Mottinsulator transition, electron tunneling, superconductivity. Offered in alternate years.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 672 SOLID STATE PHYSICS, THEORY (2)
The manybody problem, density functional theory, excited states properties, BCS theory of superconductivity. Offered in alternate years.
PREREQS:
PH 575 and PH 654 and basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 673 SOLID STATE PHYSICS, NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY (2)
Introduction to nanoscience and nanotechnology; semiconductor quantum wells, wires, and dots; bulk metals vs nanoparticles; molecular ensembles vs single molecules; fabrication of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials; scanning probe microscopy; advanced optical imaging and manipulation. Offered in alternate years.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 674 SOLID STATE PHYSICS, MAGNETISM (2)
Magnetism of atoms; interaction between magnetic atoms, magnetic ordering in crystalline solids; excitations in magnetic solids; temperature dependent phenomena in magnetic solids; magnetism of metals, alloys, insulators and semiconductors; topics of considerable interest in contemporary research.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 681 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS, MODERN OPTICS (2)
Maxwell's equations in matter; refraction, phase and group indices; material and geometry dispersion; effectivemedium regime. Not offered every year.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 682 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR, OPTICAL PHYSICS, SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICS (2)
Linear response theory; polarization effects; interband excitations and emissions; low dimensional systems; excitons; phonons; semiconductor lasers; photovoltaics. Offered alternate years.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 683 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS, NONLINEAR OPTICS (2)
Coherent nonlinear electromagnetic phenomena; harmonic generation and parametric mixing; quantum mechanical description of multiphoton interactions; incoherent multiphoton interactions; coherent nonlinear optical phenomena and spectroscopies. Offered in alternate years.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 684 ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS, ULTRAFAST OPTICS (2)
Introduction of ultrafast optical science; short pulse propagation in linear media; pulse stretching and compressing; Qswitching and modelocking; characterization of femtosecond lasers; coherent optical effects. Offered in alternate years.
PREREQS:
Basic knowledge of electromagnetism and quantum mechanics.

PH 699 SPECIAL TOPICS: BIOLOGICAL PHYSICS (3)
